How to Build a Speaker Box

By | December 29, 2022

Build a Speaker Box: Figuring out how to construct a speaker box permits you to modify the fit and plan of the container to match your ideal sound quality. The essential two-speaker box plans are fixed and vented. This article subtleties how to construct a fixed speaker box, what isolates the front and back sound waves to work on the bass.

Build a Speaker Box

Build a Speaker Box Steps

Determine the size of the speaker box.

  • Reference the speaker’s template to find the speaker’s measurements.
    • The template is included with the rest of the basic speaker information upon purchase. If the template can’t be found, contact the manufacturer for the information or measure the speaker yourself:
  • Figure the depth (front-to-back dimension) of the speaker box by adding 2 inches (5 cm) to the depth of the speaker.
  • Use the speaker’s height and length measurements as the box’s internal height and length dimensions.
  • Multiply the depth, height and length to determine the internal volume of the box.

Related Article: How to Set Up a Sound Board

Check the internal volume against the manufacturer’s recommended speaker box internal volume.

  • Adjust the measurements as needed until you reach the recommended range.

Add the thickness of the wood to your dimensions to figure the box’s external dimensions.

Measure the height, width and depth of the space available for the speaker box to be sure the box will fit.

  • Use your measurements to sketch out the speaker box depending on the space you need to fit it into.

Construct the speaker box.

  • Trace a pattern onto the MDF (medium density fiberboard) using the exterior box.
    • Include the circular openings needed for the face of the speaker and the connectors. The measurements are found on the speaker’s template. If there is no template, trace the circumference of the face of the speaker on the front piece and a 2-inch (5-cm) hole on each side piece for the connectors.
  • Use a jigsaw to cut out the pattern pieces.
  • Cut out the circular openings with a router.
  • Sand all rough edges.

Brace the speaker box with 1-inch x 1-inch (2-1/2 cm x 2-1/2 cm) strips of wood (battens).

  • Cover 60 percent of each interior edge with a batten.
  • Screw the batten into the MDF.

Fit the cut pieces together
 to make sure they match up.

Pre-drill all holes and bead carpenter’s glue along each joint
 as you assemble the box.

  • Use furniture clamps to keep the speaker box aligned.

Place the speaker in the box and check that it fits

Mark the mounting screw holes while the speaker is in the box.

  • Remove the speaker and pre-drill the mounting screw holes.
  • Allow the glue to dry.

Apply silicon caulk over the speaker box’s internal seams and all openings to ensure the box is airtight.

  • Let the silicon caulk cure for 12 to 24 hours.

Set up the speaker box.

  • Hook up the speaker wires.
  • Cover the back, top and bottom of the speaker box with 1 inch (2-1/2 cm) of poly fill to minimize resonance.
  • Insert the speaker and run the connectors through their appropriate holes.
  • Secure the speaker with screws through the mounting holes.
  • Caulk any openings to ensure the speaker box is airtight.
  • Allow the caulk to cure for 12 to 24 hours.

Related Questions: Build a Speaker Box

  1. What is the best material to build a speaker box out of?

    To sum it up, MDF is the most popular and generally best material to use to build a subwoofer box. In some niche cases, you may want to use another wood or fiberglass, or some thing else altogether, but if you’re looking for the gold standard then medium density fiberboard is what you need.

  2. Is it cheaper to build your own speakers?

    How to: Build Your Own HiFi Speakers — 4x cheaper than buying from Amazon. A great way to get into Hi-Fi audio at a reasonable price is to build your own pair of speakers. These are the best entry level DIY speakers for under $200 for the set.

  3. What sounds better a ported or sealed box?

    If you like your music “boomy”, vibrating your car’s body panels, you want to consider a ported (vented) enclosure. These types of enclosures, when built with the properly calculated volume and tuned to the correct frequency for the subwoofer, are generally louder than a sealed enclosure.

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